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He lived the Christian and died the saint. He was generally loved and respected by all who knew him.


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Grace, recalled that Job was pious, devout, eloquent, and "those who came to scoff, remained to pray. The pattern that emerges reveals white churches accepting African American slaves as members and allowing them to worship in the same buildings. These churches disciplined African Americans along with their white members. African Americans, however, never had any responsible voice in church matters. One study of white Baptists and slavery in Alabama found no evidence of any white churches having an African American deacon, moderator, or correspondent.

Nor was an African American a delegate to a denominational meeting or state convention. While many white slave owners showed concern for the spiritual welfare of their slaves, there was no attempt to place slaves in positions of equality in the churches in Jones Valley during the slavery period. Because of the small number of slaves, Jefferson County was not strongly for secession. Many in the county felt that slavery was a poor reason for disunion.

When the Civil War began, however, most citizens of the county were loyal to the South. Many of the county's young men went immediately to Shelby County or Tuscaloosa to join an Alabama regiment. Only women, children, and older men were left in Jones Valley. The county suffered during the Civil War years.

Women were forced to take over the responsibility of operating small farms and plantations. Famine and drought added to the suffering, especially the drought of that reduced the corn crop and reduced the supply of farm animals. Hundreds of families had no meat and many Copyright Wilson Fallin, Jr. Few men remained with the skill to make repairs, and there were no spare parts for farm machinery. Although Jones Valley was not the main target, the few days spent in the area caused considerable damage and destruction. Wilson's troops burned Lamson's Flower Mill on their way into Elyton, and the Oxmoor and Irondale furnaces as they were leaving.

Pinson Iron Works and a nitre works. Although the army was given orders by Wilson not to pillage and confiscate private property, such actions took place at Elyton. The Union army confiscated the best horses, food, and whatever they wanted. They also pillaged plantations and small farms owned by such prominent citizens as William Mims and James Greene. In some instances, Union troops burned houses. In addition to the Wilson's raids, there was significant loss of life among Jones Valley soldiers in the Confederate Army. Of the men who left Mt. Pinson in to serve in the Confederate Army, only nine were still alive after the war.

In there were 1, whites and African Americans registered to vote. Largely because of African American voting, Republican officials ruled the county. Whites saw Mican Americans as inferior and under the influence of alien and irresponsible white politicians who were against the white people of the South. Most whites in Jones Valley believed some form of control was necessary. The Ku Klux Klan became active in the county as a means of controlling African Americans and defiant whites.

The most common means used by the Klan to keep M i c a n Americans in line were threats and beatings.

Paul Spears Public records

According to Judge William Mudd of Elyton, the usual reasons for whipping African Americans were "bad conduct," "stealing cotton," and "being impudent," and "once for voting for the radical ticket. Some went to places like Tuscaloosa and Talladega seeking better education, medical care, and economic opportunity. Some of those who wandered to other cities soon returned to Jones Valley. Most remained in the county where they became tenants and, although they were physically free, they were still dependent on their former slave masters.

Forming their own churches, like moving from place to place, was for the ex-slaves acting on the reality of their new freedom. They could now worship as they desired without being circumscribed or looked down on by whites.

They could listen to and react to their own preachers in their own way: singing, dancing, and shouting. Their own churches gave them some measure of control over their own lives and an opportunity to develop pride and self-respect. With the old communal bonds that had existed in slavery being dissolved, these churches also provided the ex-slave with a caring community. In some cases, they left on their own immediately after the Civil War.

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Excited about their new freedom and confident of the future, these African Americans did not hesitate to strike out on their own and start churches. Their ministers formed some churches by their own initiative. In still others cases, they remained in white churches for a few years, usually with white encouragement. When it became clear to whites that the old arrangements were not possible, and to African Americans that whites had no desire to give them equality in the churches, one or both parties requested a separation.

There was one case of near violence in Alabama. This occurred in Selma at the St.

Montezuma, Alabama: Tenants In Commmon

Phillips Street Baptist Church, now the First Baptist Church, when a group of African Americans who had worshiped in the church as slaves attempted to seize the building. The pastor, Rev. Hawthorne, gathered a few whites who armed themselves and soon ended the threat. Two churches formed in the western section of the county began when African Americans requested separation and received aid from whites.

Some white members of the Copyright Wilson Fallin, Jr. A white minister preached there a short time until they found an African American minister. These former slaves worshiped in Old Jonesboro until and then decided to purchase land and move their place of worship to the new industrial town of Bessemer. Since its founding in , African American slaves had worshiped with whites in a separate section of the Bethlehem Methodist Church. With the end of the Civil War, M i c a n Americans became dissatisfied with this separate section arrangement and formed several small circuits with a white minister serving as the circuit rider.

In the Mt. Paul CME Church. Will McAdory gave them land in the Jonesboro area and helped them build a frame building. In St. In thirty-seven of these African Americans with the consent of the white members withdrew and formed Mt.

The Trials of Delf

Zion Baptist. Obadiah Woods, formerly one of the largest slave owners in the area, gave the land for the church. William Jemison Mims donated property on his plantation for the church to be built. He also gave land for a cemetery to be used by the members of the church.

Devereaux family

Not having an African American ordained minister in the area, a white minister came and assisted them in organizing the church. After much discussion they all agreed to name the church Mt. The first building was a brush harbor which was built by the African American members. Pilgrim Baptist Church. After the war they begin to worship in a house. In the early 's they were given land by Williams Mims and erected a fiame church building. During the Civil War, slaves in the Trussville area began worshiping in a log cabin provided by Sam Latham in In worship services began one-half mile southwest of Trussville on the land of William Talley.

In Henry Talley donated land to the struggling church one mile north of Trussville. Members constructed a box frame building and adopted the name Mt. In John Milner and Francis Gilmer, two entrepreneurs from Southern Alabama, petitioned the Confederate government to build a railroad to Red Mountain and erect three furnaces and rolling mills. They rebuilt the furnaces and began to operate. In the early sthe Afiican American workers built a log cabin to use as a Baptist Church.

Troj/Delf-GXD

Ware was born into slavery on the Ware plantation in East Lake, seven miles east of downtown Birmingham, on October 5, At the age of thirteen, he was baptized into the Union Baptist Church in Although limited in education, he was anxious to read the Bible and made strenuous efforts to attain a reading knowledge of the scriptures.

Like the slave preachers throughout the South, Ware was a folksy preacher who delivered his sermons with imagination and power. He also lived a strong Christian and moral life. Waldrop, the white pastor of the Ruhama Baptist Church, who said of Ware that "We never had in Jefferson County a man of more stainless character. In he built a small log cabin in Flat Ridge Valley and organized the Mt.

Joint Tenancy with Right of Survivorship vs. Tenancy in Common - #RichLifeLawyer Show 82

Calvary Baptist Church. The church found a new location on Red Mountain in near the place of organization and erected a fiame building, holding services there for several years. The church was also the location for a school until when a school for African Americans was erected in the Irondale community. Pleasant Baptist Church of present-day Leeds sprang fiom the Mt. Ware and Taft Scott, an elderly member of the Mt.

Calvary Baptist Church who lived in Leeds, saw the need for an Afiican American church and began to hold services in the home of Taft Scott in , which was a log cabin.


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Three years later the members built a frame building. Most of the churches in the Leeds area originated fiom the Mt.